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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-9

Teaching professionalism to ophthalmology residents: A pilot study

Department of Ophthalmology, ANIIMS, Port Blair, India

Correspondence Address:
Kavita Bhatnagar
Department of Ophthalmology, ANIIMS, Port Blair
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DOI: 10.4103/1858-540X.184239

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Background: Professionalism is an important competence to be taught and assessed for ophthalmology residents; however, presently, there is no structured curriculum available for the same in India. Objectives: This educational research project was undertaken to develop, implement, and evaluate a formal training in professionalism for ophthalmology residents using reflections and role-plays on simulated patients before using it on real patients. Materials and Methods: This interventional study with pre- and post-intervention assessment was conducted from November 01, 2014, to March 31, 2015, with study sample of 12 residents in Ophthalmology Department of a Medical College in Western India. A resident professionalism log-book was prepared to document the course objectives, course outline, student groups, evidence-based rationale, and specific professionalism behaviors to be learned. Training modules were prepared and validated. Interactive lectures by subject experts, reading assignments, and seminars were used to teach basics of professionalism. Specific professionalism behaviors such as empathy, altruism, and informed consent were practiced using demonstration videos, role-plays, and reflections on their learning. Results: There was statistically significant improvement in resident's perceived importance of professionalism (P < 0.005). Mini-clinical evaluation exercise encounters observed were 71 with mean scores of 5.48, 5.45, and 4.81 on a 9-point scale for empathy, altruism, and informed consent, respectively. 100% faculty and residents were satisfied with this training program. Resident portfolios showed improvement in their humanistic/professionalism qualities. Conclusion: There is a need to have a structured training module for professionalism. Combination of reading assignments, interactive lectures, seminars, demonstration videos, role-plays, and reflections are effective methods to teach professionalism. Seeing the impact of this project, we have decided to continue it in future and also disseminate it to other departments.

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