|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 38
Comments on — goldenhar syndrome: A rare case report
Anubhav Chauhan, Shashi Datt Sharma
Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Hospital Hamirpur, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
|Date of Web Publication||17-Jun-2016|
Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Hospital Hamirpur, Hamirpur - 177 001, Himachal Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Chauhan A, Sharma SD. Comments on — goldenhar syndrome: A rare case report. Sudanese J Ophthalmol 2016;8:38
We read with great interest the excellent article by Tiple et al. titled bilateral Goldenhar syndrome: A rare case report. We applaud the authors on diagnosing and managing the rare entity but would like to make interesting contributions.
In the differential diagnosis, the respected authors have stated that “Treacher Collins syndrome is associated with maxillary and mandibular hypoplasia but is not associated with ocular and aural anomalies.” But according to a study, ophthalmic abnormalities include downward slanting of the palpebral fissures (89%) with notching of the lower eyelids (69%) and a paucity of lid lashes medial to the defect (69%).
Other ocular manifestations in relation to Goldenhar syndrome which require attention are coloboma of upper eyelid, iris, choroid and retina, anopthalmos/micropthalmos, strabismus/nystagmus, duane retraction syndrome, decreased corneal sensation, cataract, neuroparalytic keratitis, dacryostenosis, and proptosis.
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Conflicts of interest
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| References|| |
Tiple CG, Sarode U, Mohitkar S, Patel J. Bilateral Goldenhar syndrome: A rare case report. Sudanese J Ophthalmol 2015;7:58-60.
Trainor PA, Dixon J, Dixon MJ. Treacher Collins syndrome: Etiology, pathogenesis and prevention. Eur J Hum Genet 2009;17:275-83.
Kumaresan R, Srinivasan B, Narayanan M, Cugati N, Karthikeyan P. Craniofacial abnormalities in Goldenhar syndrome: A case report with review of the literature. Plast Aesthetic Res 2014;1:108-13.