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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 27-34

Genetics and diabetic microangiopathy

1 Medical Student Research Committee, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Eye, Medical Faculty of Medicine, Bu Ali-Sina Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ahmad Ahmadzadeh Amiri
Department of Eye, Bu Ali-Sina Hospital, Medical Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran
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DOI: 10.4103/1858-540X.169374

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Human vital organ systems may be affected by diabetic microvascular complications (DMC), lead to public health difficulty. Recent evidence shows genetic factors provide to the genetic and structural variants, and/or variability in disease severity play important roles in the development of DMC among the patients with similar risk factors. Several genetic loci have discovered that figure the risk of DMC as detected by genetic linkage studies. Genetic variants demonstrate for susceptibility to DMC as detected by genetic association studies. Copy number variation and interactions of gene Χ environment have been discovered by compelling analysis of structural variants. Mitochondrial DNA also acts a definite role in the development of DMC. Sequencing technologies have light important horizon on detecting rare and common genetic loci. This review focuses on the common science of the genetic context of DMC. Finally, recognition of genes or genetic loci and structural variants providing to risk of or guarding from DMC will help intuition the underlying mechanism of DMC, with conclusive suggestions for the evolvement of new medicine for diabetes mellitus complications.

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