Sudanese Journal of Ophthalmology

: 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 35--41

Relationship between dry eye syndrome and occupational categories

Amina Tarig Mohamed Ahmed Sharief 
 Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amina Tarig Mohamed Ahmed Sharief
Ahmed Sharief, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum

Background: Dry eye syndrome is a broad clinical term that is used to describe a variety of ocular conditions that are characterized by ocular irritation and discomfort secondary to decreased tear production or increased tear evaporation. It is highly prevalent, with almost 1/3 of ophthalmic patients presenting with DES-related symptoms. Many risk factors were linked to the development of DES, including occupation-related risk factors. Aims and Objectives: This study was a cross-sectional study aimed at identifying the association between dry eye syndrome and various occupational categories to determine the occupation-specific risk factors in patients attending the corneal outpatient clinics of Khartoum Eye Teaching Hospital. Materials and Methods: Data were collected from all patients aging 25-50 years who presented with DES-related symptoms and had a positive Schirmer's test. A questionnaire was used in the data collection process. The data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Results: Among the 450 participants, 279 were females (62%). About 140 patients were white-collar workers (31.1%), 134 were blue-collar workers (67 skilled and 67 unskilled; constituting 29.8%), 112 were green-collar workers (24.9%) and the remaining 64 patients were unemployed. (14.2%) An increased risk (in comparison to the unemployed group) was observed for the white-collar (highest risk), blue-collar and green-collar (lowest risk) categories. (P-value < 0.05) Additionally, a highly significant association was noted between the female sex, computer use, and outdoor occupations. (P-value = 0.000) Conclusion: There is an increased risk of developing dry eye syndrome in the various occupational categories. Furthermore, females, computer users, and outdoor workers are also at high risk.

How to cite this article:
Sharief AT. Relationship between dry eye syndrome and occupational categories.Sudanese J Ophthalmol 2019;11:35-41

How to cite this URL:
Sharief AT. Relationship between dry eye syndrome and occupational categories. Sudanese J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 5 ];11:35-41
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