Sudanese Journal of Ophthalmology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9--16

Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in amran and lahj governorates of Yemen


Tawfik Kaid Al-Khatib1, Adnan Ali Ahmed2, Aziz Shaher Hameed3 
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana'a University; Department of Ophthalmology ,Al-Thawrah Modern General Hospital; Department of Ophthalmology ,Al- Kuwait University Hospital Sana'a, Sana'a, Yemen
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana'a University; Department of Ophthalmology ,Al- Kuwait University Hospital Sana'a, Sana'a, Yemen
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana'a University; Department of Ophthalmology ,Al-Thawrah Modern General Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen

Correspondence Address:
Tawfik Kaid Al-Khatib
SanaSQa University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences; P.O. Box: 13264 SanaSQa
Yemen

Objectives: To determine the magnitude and causes of avoidable blindness in 50 years and older population of Amran and Lahj governorates, Yemen. Materials and Methods: Using the RAAB manual, 78 clusters were randomly selected, 50 people aged of 50 ≥50 years were examined in each cluster. Visual acuity (VA) was measured with a tumbling DQEDQ chart. Ophthalmologists examined people with <6/18 in either eye. A software program for RAAB was used for data collection and analysis. Results: In Amran and Lahj, 1789 (91.8%) and 1836 (94.3%) people were examined, respectively. The prevalence of blindness (VA < 3/60 in better eye, with available correction) in Amran was 9.33%, while in Lahj it was 10.84%. The principal cause of blindness was unoperated cataract in both governorates. The three main barriers to cataract surgery were unaware of treatment, destiny /GodSQs will and cannot afford in both Amran and Lahj governorates. Conclusion: The prevalence of blindness, severe visual impairment and visual impairment in people aged ≥50 years in Amran and Lahj governorates were relatively higher than WHOSQs estimate in the sub region and the principal cause of blindness was untreated cataract in both governorates.


How to cite this article:
Al-Khatib TK, Ahmed AA, Hameed AS. Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in amran and lahj governorates of Yemen.Sudanese J Ophthalmol 2013;5:9-16


How to cite this URL:
Al-Khatib TK, Ahmed AA, Hameed AS. Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in amran and lahj governorates of Yemen. Sudanese J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Aug 19 ];5:9-16
Available from: http://www.sjopthal.net/article.asp?issn=1858-540X;year=2013;volume=5;issue=1;spage=9;epage=16;aulast=Al-Khatib;type=0