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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64-67

Distribution of xerophthalmia among children in the traditional quranic schools in Al-Gezira State of Sudan


1 Department of Pediatric Optometry, Faculty of Optometry and Visual Sciences, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Department of Binocular Vision, Faculty of Optometry and Visual Sciences, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zoelfigar Dafalla Mohamed
Department of Pediatric Optometry, Faculty of Optometry and Visual Sciences, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum
Sudan
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DOI: 10.4103/sjopthal.sjopthal_23_18

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Background: Vitamin A deficiency is considered a serious public health issue in poor nations, which leads to corneal opacity and results in childhood blindness in most of the low-income countries. Aim: To determine the prevalence of xerophthalmia among children at traditional Quranic schools in Al-Gezira state of Sudan. Materials and Methods: This was a quantitative cross-sectional study conducted on 822 children aged from 5 to 15 years, living in traditional Quranic schools. The clinical examinations for all children in this study include the demographics of patients (name, gender, age, and duration of students in schools), symptoms (vision during the day and night), and then outer eye checked for all children by lope and magnifier and visual acuity using Snellen's chart. Results: The prevalence of night blindness, conjunctival xerosis, corneal xerosis, and Bitot's spots was 17.3%, 20.3%, 0.2%, and 0.7%, respectively. There was a significant association between the duration of staying the children at the schools and the development of night blindness (P ≤ 0.02). Conclusion: Children of this community are susceptible to xerophthalmia because food is inadequate of Vitamin A. The governmental and nongovernmental organization should supply this community by the diet rich of Vitamin A and Vitamin A supplementation orally for affected children as well as annually comprehensive eye examinations.


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