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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 60-63

Impact of cataract surgery on visual functions and quality of life in Azare, North-Eastern Nigeria

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Nigerian Airforce Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
3 Department of Vitreoretina, National Eye Centre, Kaduna, Nigeria
4 Naval Medical Centre, Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed Dantani Adamu
Department of Ophthalmology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto
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DOI: 10.4103/sjopthal.sjopthal_13_18

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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of cataract surgery on the subjective visual functions (VFs) and quality of life (QoL) of patients who had cataract surgery at the Federal Medical Centre Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based prospective observational study which used the VF and QoL questionnaires. These were administered to the patients preoperatively and also 6 weeks' postoperatively. The visual acuity, VF, and QoL scores of the pre- and post-operative period were compared. A paired t-test was used for comparison. Results: A total of 181 patients were recruited. The mean age of the patients was 60.5 years, and 110 (60.8%) were males. The mean preoperative VF and QoL scores were 55.1 (Standard deviation [SD] ± 19.7) and 39.5 (SD ± 17.8), respectively. The mean postoperative VF and QOL scores were 31.5 (SD ± 9.9, t = 18.79, P = <0.001) and 25.4 (SD ± 2.4, t = 10.87, P ≤ 0.001) respectively. Conclusion: This study shows that both VFs and QoL of cataract patients can be greatly improved with cataract surgery.

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