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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 35-43

Diabetic Retinopathy

Department of Optometry, College of Health Sciences, University of Buraimi, Al Buraimi, Sultanate of Oman

Correspondence Address:
Galal Mohamed Ismail
Department of Optometry, College of Health Sciences, University of Buraimi, POB 890, PC 512, Al Buraimi
Sultanate of Oman
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DOI: 10.4103/sjopthal.sjopthal_41_15

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Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is an important health problem affecting wide population band globally. World Health Organization (WHO) reports showed considerable number of individuals were diagnosed with DM, however, noteworthy numbers are still undiagnosed to varied grounds. Diabetics are at risk of developing pathological complications in particular ocular complications seemed to appear early and might lead to blindness at late stages. Diabetic retinopathy and cataract are the main causes of visual loss in DM although other ocular complications certainly exist. This article meant to review mainly diabetic retinopathy and its effect on ocular structures high lighting the role of the diabetic clinicians' teams and the patients in senses of reducing the risk of the severe damaging stages. Furthermore, to list the available investigative techniques and the methods of managements.

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